There is no doubt that the medical industry has undergone many changes, especially in the last 10+ years. Changes that have occurred because of an aging population, advancements in technology and medical research, the breakout of more specialized practices and more. Naturally these changes are having a positive impact on the growth of the labor force for the health care industry. In the United States, there has been about a 12.7% increase in the number of people employed in the health care field (does not include manufacturing or transportation activities of medical equipment or products) from 2008 to 2015. In 2015, there were just under 15.4 million individuals employed in medical practices and hospitals.
health care employment in central pa
Since 2008, Central Pennsylvania has seen positive growth in the number of employees in medical practices. During that year, there were just under 105,000 individuals employed in this industry sector. In 2015, total employment in this category increased 17.3% to just over 123,000.
All nine of the counties that make up the Central Pennsylvania region (which include Adams, Berks, Cumberland, Dauphin, Franklin, Lancaster, Lebanon, Perry, and York Counties) have had increases in health care employment from 2008 to 2015. Lancaster County had the highest number of new employees during that time period of about 4,900, followed by Berks County (3,824 new employees) and York County (2,827 new employees).
The graph above in a county-by-county comparison of the nine Central PA counties by the number of health care employees in 2008 and 2015. Lancaster County had the highest change by number of new employees during this time period, but Perry County had the highest percentage change of new employees in this sector (60.9%).
employment by industry classification
In Central Pennsylvania, the top three industry classifications in the health care sector by total number of employees in 2015 were General Medical & Surgical Hospitals (32,638), Offices of Physicians (20,057), and Community Care Facilities for the Elderly (19,026). Of the top ten industry classifications, which can be found in the table below, the three classifications which had the highest percentage of growth in employees from 2008 to 2015 include: Other Ambulatory Health Care Services (64.9% increase), Residential Mental Retardation / Health & Substance Abuse Facilities (53.2%), and Home Health Care Services (39.9%).
The table below displays the top ten health care industry classifications based on their NAICS (North American Industrial Classification System) codes in Central Pennsylvania by the total number of employees. These top categories make up 95.6% of the health care industry in the region.
other statistics on the health care industry labor force
- According to data released by the Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry, the average yearly wage for Health Care Practitioners and Technical Occupations in Central Pennsylvania was $70,810 in 2014
- In 2015, health care practices generated more than $20 billion in annual revenue in Central PA
- In terms of employment-population ratios, in 2008 there was 1 health care employee for every 21.3 people. The ratio in 2015 changed to 1 health care employee for every 19 people, indicating above average growth for this industry sector